focus state - ODISHA
PIONEERING INCLUSIVE GROWTH
Odisha is one of the high performing States of the Country in various sectors. Improved micro and macro economy, effective delivery mechanism in physical and social infrastructure, transformation of agriculture, ensuring inclusive, broad based and sustainable growth in the economy have become hallmark of the Government. The first state in the country formed on linguistic basis in 1936 having rich heritage in art and culture and gifted with abundant natural resources, Odisha, by optimizing all the potentials, shows the way in inclusive growth ensuring a better quality of life. Due to rich natural endowment and political stability, Odisha has become a favoured destination for investment in various sectors, including FDI.
Indices of Development:
Odisha has been striving consistently and continuously to achieve sustainable and inclusive higher economic growth, accelerated overall development, reduction of regional, social and gender disparities and a faster rate of poverty reduction. The state’s 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) envisages an average annual growth rate of 9% with a projected outlay of Rs.1,24,373 crore. Odisha’s economy in 2012-13 has impressively withstood the continuing slowdown in economic growth in previous years caused due to impact of global recession. The state economy has registered high growth rates during the last decade, in real terms at 1990-2000 prices, reporting an average annual growth rate of 9.51 per cent for the 10th Five Year Plan. The economy grew in real terms at 2004-05 prices at the rate of 8.23% during the 11th Five Year Plan. The real per capita income at 2004-05 prices has increased form Rs.14,862 in 1999-2000 to Rs.26,900 in 2011-12.
Thrust on Agriculture:
Agriculture is the mainstay of the state’s economy. It provides employment and sustenance, directly or indirectly to more than 60 % of the population. The share of agriculture sector including animal husbandry, fisheries and forestry sub sectors in the state’s GSDP is expected to be 17.5 % in 2012-13 (advance estimate) and provides employment to 58% of the total work force forming the largest employment sector in the state. One of the major programmes of the Government has been to give a big thrust to agriculture for which the Government has implemented comprehensive and inclusive State Agriculture Policy and a separate budget has been made for development of this sector and welfare of the farmers with special focus on landless agricultural laborers, small and marginal farmers, and under privileged class of society. Loan at minimum rate of interest has been made available to farmers. In line with the national goal the state envisages a growth rate of 4% in Agriculture sector during 12th Plan period.
Development of Infrastructure:
Greater focus has been accorded on development of productive infrastructure to ensure peoples’ access to basic facilities like health care, education, clean drinking water, sanitation facilities, rural connectivity electrification and common service centres.
The Industrial Policy Resolution (IPR), 2007 envisages a robust policy framework for industrial promotion and investment and investment facilities including creation of an enabling environment keeping pace with liberalization and policy reforms, Odisha has become the investment destination of the country and the hub of India’s emerging industries. New Tourism Policy has been launched for creation of more tourism infrastructure, employment generation and opportunities for self employment with provision of incentives to the investors.
Reforms in Power Sector:
Odisha has pioneered power sector reforms which have opened up avenues for private sector participation in generation, transmission and distribution of power. The Government of Odisha has signed 29 MoUs with different Independent Power Producers for generation of power which will make Odisha powerhouse of the country.
The Government has embarked upon ambitious programmes for improvement of transmission and distribution system, reduction in distribution loss, shifting of transformers from schools, colleges and Anganawadi premises to prevent accidents, setting up separate feeder for Agriculture/Fishing Clusters, system strengthening of elephant corridor etc.
Apart from Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana, Biju Grama Jyoti Yojana and Biju Saharanchal Vidyutikaran Yojana are being implemented to provide access to electricity to all.
Improving Standard of Living:
The state’s achievement in social sectors has been impressive in recent years. In 2011, the overall literacy rate (73.45 %) was close to national average (74.04 %). The enrolment ratio in schools has substantially increased. The dropout rates at the primary level has come down sharply from 41.8 % in 2000-01 to 0.43 % in 2011-12.
The formulation of an Affordable Housing Scheme, introduction of Odisha Property Rights to slum dwellers and prevention of New Slum Bill, Promotion of Public Private Partnership projects in the area of street lighting, solid waste disposal and city bus services, introduction of placement linked skill training programmes for urban youth, introduction of Odisha Urban Street Vendor Policy, preparation of slum free city plans and urban sanitation plans are some of major initiatives taken recently to promote inclusive urbanisation in the State.
A holistic and integrated approach has been adopted for development of under Privileged population who form about 40% of the total population as per 2011 census. At present 3,448 hostels including 1,548 primary school hostels in ITDA blocks and 1,003 ST Girls’ hostels are functioning in the State and another 1,383 hostels under State Plan and 65 hostels under Central Plan scheme are under construction which will provide accommodation to about 4.5 lakh from under privileged class of the society. And also for skill development and placement linked employability, a large number of vocational and technical institutions have been empanelled. As part of economic empowerment and for self employment, Odisha Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe Finance Development Co-operative Corporation has been financing through banks under bankable income generating schemes. Focused attention has been given on placement linked employability schemes for ST families under Odisha Tribal Empowerment and Livelihood programme. Odisha has achieved the distinction of distributing land rights to maximum number of tribal families under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 and individual titles have been settled in favour of more than 3.4 Lakh forest dwelling tribal families.
Education for All
The state government has taken initiatives not only for quantitative expansion but also for qualitative improvement in education at all levels. The state has promulgated the Odisha Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education Rules, 2010. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) and Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) at Primary grade have increased from 99.06% and 91.83% (2010-11) to 99.69% and 93.30% (2011-2012) respectively. Free text books and uniforms are being supplied to students. In order to improve access to elementary education and to achieve 100 % enrolment, the Government has relaxed the norm for opening of new primary schools.
The Government has given special focus on development of educational infrastructure in tribal and backward areas through various schemes to improve retention rate and to check dropouts among under privileged students. Infrastructure development of ITIs, Diploma & Engineering Colleges has been given priority to meet the skilled manpower requirement.
Empowering Women and Youth:
State Youth Policy has been implemented to bring the youths to the mainstream in the development process, skill development, gender priority and livelihood etc. Mission Shakti, aiming at empowerment of women, has covered nearly 58 lakh women in the rural and urban Odisha with formation of more than 4.5 lakh women self help groups. Skilling of youth through State Employment Mission has been taken up on various demand Drivent sectors to create employment opportunities.
Poverty alleviations and employment generation:
Several programmes are being implemented in the state for poverty alleviation and accelerating inclusive broad based growth for overall development of the state. These programmes include Odisha Rural Livelihoods Programme (Jeebika), an initiative for providing additional livelihoods component to on going watershed projects, Jalanidhi, promoting private Lift Irrigation Points, Biju Krushak Vikash Yojana, Increase in purchase price of Kendu leaves benefiting 8 lakh pluckers, Integrated Livestock Development Programme (Kalyani), Coverage of 11 lakh fishermen in Group Accident Insurance Scheme, Mamata Yojana providing partial wage compensation for pregnant and nursing mothers, Bhima Bhoi Samarthya Abhijan, benefiting persons with disability, Grama Sabha Sashaktikaran Karyakrama for effective participation of people in development process, Rastriya Swasthya Bima Yojana covering 33 lakh BPL families, revision of minimum wage for all categories of workers, provision of rice at Re.1per kg, free Bicycle scheme for ST and SC students and all girl students studying in class-X,
Odisha has a hoary past, a vibrant present and a glorious future. The government is committed to carry on economic reforms, devising and updating policies, procedures and regulating framework ensuring broad based inclusive growth.